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2019年浙江省温州市中考英语试题

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浙江省温州市 2019 年初中毕业学业考试英语试题
一、单项填空

1.- Peter, shall we go for a picnic this Sunday?

- OK. Let's add it to _____________ weekend plan.

A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

2.- Sir, did you enjoy your stay in our________________?

- Yes, I slept well and I like the breakfast.

A. hotel

B. school

C. factory

D. company

3.The living room becomes ____________as the sunlight comes in through the windows.

A. bigger

B. cleaner

C. quieter

D. brighter

4.Sam finds sweeping robots useful, and he plans to buy ___________ for his grandma.

A. it

B. one

C. this

D. that

5.Betty felt so tired last night that she ____________ fell asleep in bed after lying down.

A. recently

B. suddenly

C. frequently

D. immediately

6.We don’t allow taking magazines out, but you ____________ copy the article you need on the machine over there.

A. can

B. must

C. should

D. would

.7.The instructions tell us everything ____________ about how to make the model ship.

A. by hand

B. by chance

C. in detail

D. in person

8.–Linda, Dad has finished his work and we ___________ to the gym to pick you up.

-Thank you, Mum.

A. drive

B. drove

C. have driven

D. are driving

9.- Could you tell me ____________________?

- You will stay with an English family and take part in their daily life

A. when I should pay for the course C. how long the shortest course lasts

B. what the best part of the course is D. where I can go sightseeing after class

10.–Tony, hurry up and don't forget to lock the door.

- ___________________. I'm getting my coat.

A. Wait a minute
二、完形填空

B. No deal

C. Nothing serious

D. Bad luck

阅读短文,掌握大意,然后从每小题所给的 A、B、C、 D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Ashley was outspoken, fashionable, and the "Queen Bee" in my school.

I looked up to her and idolized her. I listened to the music she listened to, wore the clothes she wore. I even took

art class though I had really wanted to take theatre. I finally fitted in ___11___ group.

One day, I skipped out of my last class a few minutes early to

___12___ seats for our group at the dining hall. Concentrating on my homework, I didn't notice they had sat

down behind me. Before I could say a word, I realized what they were ___13___.

I listened silently. "She's such a loser," one girl said.

Another girl added, "Ashley, she ___14___ follows you, trying to copy you."

"I wish she would leave us alone. We were in the same summer school and now she thinks we're best friends."

The once familiar voice sounded so ___15___ and strange.

I was mortified. My hands were shaking. I couldn't help crying ___16___. I felt heart-broken

for the very first time. How did this happen? I ___17___ we were friends.

I ran home. My mother just held me while I sobbed for hours. The advice she gave was so ____18____, and I had

heard it a million times. "Just be yourself and people will like you for ____19____you are. " This time it became so

profound. Then and there I ___20___ to find myself back. That was exactly-what I did.

Over the next month, I went through a lot of ___21___. I bought new clothes that I wanted to wear. I no longer

went to art class ___22___ them, and took theatre. I began making new friends. I developed my own ___23___ and

never again followed the crowd.

I had an amazing school year. ___24___ I look back, I think it was the year when I discovered the person I was

going to be. Despite the pain I felt that day, it was a ___25___ they had given me.

11. A. my

B. her

C. his

D. our

12. A. get

B. buy

C. rent

D. move

13. A. thinking about

B. talking about

C. waiting for

D. asking for

14. A. once

B. always

C. hardly

D. never

15. A. serious

B. special

C. weak

D. cold

16. A. sadly

B. shyly

C. excitedly

D. nervously

17. A. found

B. admitted

C. realized

D. thought

18. A. funny

B. simple

C. useful

D. different

19. A. where

B. what

C. how

D. who

20. A. failed

B. forgot

C. decided

D. continued

21. A. pains

B. doubts

C. changes

D. troubles

22. A. with

B. about

C. against

D. without

23. A. skills

B. habits

C. projects

D. opinions

24. A. Before

B. Unless

C. When

D. If

25. A. gift
三、阅读理解

B. choice

C. promise

D. surprise

A

Hot Dog is popular. It's not a dog, but a cooked sausage in a long piece of bread. Here are some stories and facts about

it from English websites.

HISTORY of Hot Dog

HOT DOG FUN FACTS

World record for eating hot dogs: 73 in ten minutes.
The 1600s A German called Johann Georghehner created the "dachshund" sausage. "Dachshund" is a German small long thin dog. The 1860s

The very first hot dog - the "dachshund" sausage in a roll - was sold by Germans in New York. It became popular in the US later.

Hot dogs were one of the first

1871 Charles Feltman, a German, started the first Coney Island hot

foods eaten on the moon !

dog stand. It made hot dogs known to more people.

1893

Chris Von Der Ahe started the American tradition of eating hot

dogs at baseball parks, making hot dogs more popular. 1901 A New York cartoonist. Tad Dorgan, saw the red hot "dachshund

About 150 million hot dogs are eaten by Americans each July 4th.

sausages sold on streets. He wanted to draw a picture of it, but he wasn't sure how to spell "dachshund, so he simply wrote "Hot Dog". It is widely believed how Hot Dog had its name. 1949

About 21 million hot dogs were sold at American baseball parks in 2010.

The first vegetarian hot dogs came out.

New Yorkers eat more hot dogs than any

other city population in the US.

26. Americans started the tradition of eating hot dogs at baseball parks in ___________.

A. 1871

B. 1893

C. 1901

D. 1949

27. It's believed that the name "Hot Dog" was created by _______________.

A. Tad Dorgan

B. Charles Feltman

C. Chris Von Der Ahe

D. Johann Georghehner

28. What can we know about hot dogs from the passage?

A. New Yorkers like eating hot dogs most in the world.

.B Germans eat about 150 million hot dogs each July 4th.
C. A world record says someone ate 73 hot dogs in 10 minutes. D. About 21 million hot dogs were sold in America in the 1860s.
B

Have you ever jumped on a trampoline? Today many people use it for exercise.

Back in the 1980s, researchers found that jumping on a trampoline was a good way to help astronauts regain

their strength. Actually, trampolining has many advantages. It helps bones and muscles grow and improves your

balance by stimulating the inner ear. It is especially useful for increasing flow of the lymphatic system. which helps

your body get rid of harmful toxins. Trampolining has benefits similar to those of running, but without too much

,stress on knees and ankles. If you would like to start trampolining, you may first need to ask a doctor to make sure it's a safe activity for you. It's easy to find an inexpensive trampaline, but it should be well made and strong enough to support your weight. To avoid accidents, some trampolines have 8 safety net around them. Remember: whenever you are on a trampoline, be careful not to jump near the edge of it.
Here are a few exercises for beginners
★High Knee Lift. Raise one knee at a time. Lift your knee higher than you usually do when you are running. ★Star Jump. Jump into the air and spread your arms and legs into a star shape. As you gain more confidence,

practice more difficult levels:

★Tuck Jump. At the top of your jump, bring the knees to the chest. with the arms holding the legs.

★Pike Jump. Jump high, bring the legs up, and point the toes forward. Touch your toes with hands.

There are many more exercises you can try. Happy trampolining!

29. According to the passage, what benefit can we get from trampolining?

A. It helps with bone growth.

B. It cures illnesses in our knees.

.C. It helps reduce stress on musecles.
30. How can we do trampolining safely? A Buy an expensive trampoline.
C. Choose a trampoline without a net. 31. Which picture shows Tuck Jump?

A.

B.

D. It prevents ears from being hurt.
B. Jump in the center of a trampoline. D. Lose weight before starting trampolining.

C.

D.

32. This passage introduces _______________. A. an exercise to improve our fitness C. a way to keep balance when we jump

B. an exercise to gain self-confidence D. a way to avoid accidents when exercising
C

Many objects in the universe are invisible,but they send radio waves. The radio telescope thus appeared, and it is considered one of the greatest inventions in the twentieth century. Reber built the world's first radio telescope in 1937. Ryle and Hewish developed radio telescope systems for the location of weak radio sources, and they shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974.
A radio telescope is usually made up of:

One or more antennas to collect the radio waves. Most antennas are made in the shape of a dish to collect and

reflect, the radio waves to the sub-reflector, in the same way as a curved mirror focuses visible light to one point.

A receiver and amplifier to receive the radio waves from the sub-reflector, and make these weak radio waves

strong enough to be recorded and turned into electronic signals. To make an amplifier sensitive enough, it is usually

cooled to, very low temperatures (e. g. as low as -270℃).

A recorder to keep a record of the electronic signals. Most :radio telescopes today keep the signals to the

computer's memory disk for astronomers to analyze later.

Radio wavelengths are much longer than those of visible light, and the radio waves from deep space are always

weak. To catch Radio wavelengths are much longer than those of visible light,and the radio waves from deep space

are always weak. To catch these waves, radio telescopes usually have huge antennas. The sizes of most antennas in

use today are around 50 to 300 metres in diameter. The antenna of FAST in Guizhou, China, the latest and largest

radio telescope in the world, is 500 metres in diameter, as large as the size of 30 football fields.

To avoid interferences, and keep the telescopes sensitive, radio telescopes are built in places where there are no

human radio waves or electronic signals. For example, FAST is 5 kilometres away from the closest village and 25

kilometres away from the nearest town.

Radio telescopes create pictures of the sky, not in visible light, but in radio waves. This is extremely useful,

because there are objects that can't be seen, objects that we wouldn't even know without radio telescopes.

33. Radio telescopes help collect ____________ from the universe

A. light

B. objects

C. radio waves

D. visible signals

34. Most antennas of radio telescopes are made in the shape of a dish to ____________.

A. make the antennas strong enough

B. increase the number of radio waves

C. turn radio waves into electronic signals

D. focus radio waves on the sub-reflector

35. The underlined word "interferences" in the passage refers to __________________.

A. the noises made by villagers and animals

B. the sounds from the radios and televisions

C. the people who go to Guizhou to watch FAST work

D. the radio waves and electronic signals from humans

36. What have we done with the help of radio telescopes? A. We have received pictures of deep space. B. We have discovered unknown lives in the universe. C. We have found some unknown objects in the universe. D. We have turned the radio waves from space into light.
D
I live in Mentone, a quiet, simple, restful place, where the rich never come. I met Theophile Magnan, a retired, rich, old man from Lyons yesterday. In the Hotel des Anglais. Theophile looked sad and dreamy, and didn't talk with anybody else. which brought me back to the past.
A long time ago, Francois Millet. Claude, Carl and I were young artists - very young artists - in fact. Yes, Francois Millet. the great French artist, was my friend. Millet wasn’t any greater than we were at that time. He didn't have any fame, even in his own village.
We were all poor though we had stacks and stacks of as good pictures as anybody in Europe painted. Once a person ever offered four francs for Millet’s "Angelus", which he intended to sell for eight.
It was a fact in human history that a great artist would never be acknowledged* until after he was starved and dead. His pictures climbed to high prices after his death.
Then we made a decision that one of us must die, to save the others and himself. Millet was elected , elected to die.
, During the next three months Millet painted with all his might, enlarged his stock all he could, not pictures, no!
sketches, studies, parts of studies, fragments of studies, of course, with his cipher * on them. They were the things to be sold. Carl went to Paris to start the work of building up Millet's name. Claude and I went to sell Millet's small pictures
and to build up his name as well. We made Millet a master. I always said to my customer "I am a fool to sell a picture of Francois Millet's at all,
for he is not going to live three months, and when he dies his pictures can't be had for love or money. " Claude and I took care to spread that little fact as far as we could. Carl made friends with the correspondents, and got Millet's condition reported to England and all over the
continent, and America, and everywhere. The sad end came at last, Millet died, not really. He became Theophile Magnan.

The pictures went up. There's a man in Paris today who owns seventy Millet pictures. He paid us two million

francs for them. Do you still remember the "Angelus"? Carl sold it for twenty-two hundred francs. And as for the

bushels of sketches and studies which Millet produced in the last six weeks, well, it would astonish you to know the

figure we sell them at nowadays.We are no longer artists and Millet dead.

37. ''Why did the four friends decide to elect one of them to die?

A. They wanted to be rich.

B. They wanted to be famous.

C. They wanted to save money.

D. They wanted to be respected.

38. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the passage?

A. The writer lives a busy life in Mentone.

B. Millet was finally made a famous artist.

C. Millet painted best among the four friends.

D. The story was written in memory of Millet.

39. What made the four friends' plan succeed?

A. That they didn't want to be artists any longer.

B. That Millet's pictures were sold at very high prices.

C. People's attitude towards the artists who were starving.

D. People's desire to own precious art works at low prices. 40. Is Millet living or dead? Why?(请用约 40 词回答)

____________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________ 词汇运用

用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。每词限用一次。

above plant child since rain

41. ___________ like listening to stories by Andersen at bed time. 42. I usually play with my little sister at home on _____________ days. 43. Adam has been working in the hospital ____________ he left school. 44. One hundred trees __________ along the riverside yesterday afternoon.

45. Qomolangma, the world Highest mountain is about 8,848 metres __________ sea level. 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。
Lydia runs and picks up rubbish along the way. What she does is called "plogging", an activity combining collecting rubbish with running. Last ___46___(六月),she first learned the idea of plogging on the Intemet and decided to plog.
Lydia runs four or ___47___ (五) times a week and takes a daily walk with her two dogs. She often wears her gloves and takes several ___48___ (袋子) when she goes out. Sometimes she spends ___49___ (一半,半数) an hour collecting rubbish. She says she___50___ (浪费) the last few years of her running life. Now she feels" ___51___ (更 好的) to do plogging than just running by the litter." It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground.___52___(然而) , it makes a big difference to my community. Now my husband also ___53___ (加入) me," Lydia says ___54___ (自豪地). "It doesn't matter how much rubbish I pick up. It's good way to protect our ____55____(星球)) 56.书面表达
最*,用手机 APP 买菜的人多了。手机菜场菜品丰富、洗净配好、预约送菜上门……外国朋友对此也很感

兴趣。 请你以 A New Use of the Mobile Phone 为题,写一篇 110 词左右的英语短文介绍手机买菜带来的便利,让外 国朋友了解中国人民生活中的这个新变化。 A New Use of the Mobile Phone ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 【小词典】 acknowledge v.承认,认可 bone n. 骨骼 chest n. 胸部 cipher n. 标记 crowd n. 大众 elect v. 选举,推选 franc n. 法国法郎 invisible ad. 不可见的 muscle n. 肌肉 profound adj. 深刻的 radio telescope 射电望远镜 reflect n. 反射 signal n. 信号 stimulate v. 刺激 toe n. 脚趾



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