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2014高考地理一轮全程复习方案 第66讲 环境保护(环境污染及其防治)湘教版


confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mast ery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, a l so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy l ear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t hought to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he ti mes, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

2014 高考地理一轮全程复习方案 第 66 讲 环境保护 (环境污染及其防治)湘教版
【本章知识框架】

【考试说明要求】
考试要点 环境污染及其防 治 环境污染的防 治 环境污染问题 具体考试内容要求 主要的环境污染问题 环境污染形成的原因、过程及危害 防治环境污染的主要措施

【基础知识梳理】
一.水污染及其防治 是指水体因某种物质的介入, 超过了水体的 水 水 污 染 及 其 生物大量死亡,使水生生态系统变得越来越简单和脆弱。 防 水 治 污 治理 染 防 管理 规定的 。 对污染源、水体及处理设施的管理,以__ 促治。科学的管理包括对污染 通过建设城市污水处理厂等, 确保污水在排入自然水体前达到国家或地方 预防 通过有效控制,使污染源排放的污染物减少到 。 污 物,向水中排放或释放污染物的 染 类型 概 长期饮用污染水,可引起人体 述 危害 ______发生变异,甚至导致大面积死亡;会改变水生 ,使水生 中毒、致癌等;灌溉农田,会使农作物 化学性污染、 污染和生物性污染 ____ 称为水体污染源。 概念 生态环境,造成水质恶化的现象。引起天然水体污染的物质称为水体污染 , 导致其化学、 物理、

生物等方面特征的改变,从而影响水的利用价值,危害人体健康或者破坏

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng m ass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party' s adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spiri t, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Part y's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st m oder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt . Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party an d the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng t he development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in-de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i dea s , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd devel op enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and



源、污水处理厂以及水体卫生特征的监测和管理。

二.大气污染及其防治 大气中污染物质的数量(浓度)超过大气的正常含量, 概念 并持续足够的时间,并产生不良影响和危害的现象 大气 大 污染 气 概述 污 __ 污染源 染 主要类型 及 其 关键:控制污染 防 源 治 防治 使用 植树造林 科学规划城市绿地面积 三.固体废弃物污染及其防治 固 概念 体 废 弃 物 污 染 及 其 防 治 四.噪声污染及其防治 噪 噪声概述 含义 一切对人们生活和工作有妨碍的声音 处理和利用 固体废弃物 污染概述 危害 影响____________ 危及人体健康 分类收集、密封运输 化 破碎、 、焚烧 卫生填埋 资源 类固态、半固态废弃物质 污染环境:污染大气、水、土壤等 占用大量土地 指在社会的生产、流通、消费等活动中产生的,污染环境的各 设备 改进燃烧技术 改进能源__________ 集中供暖供热、降低能源危害 酸雨 __________ 温室效应 污染源类型 人为污染源 生活污染源 __ 污染源 天然污染源

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s part y of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and ed ucati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, sum mon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist cou ntries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded t o not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nt s, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge a head, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the ref orm and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cam ent, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems a nd to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, p ut superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

声 污 染

类型

________ 交通噪声 ________ 其他噪声 一般:使人头痛、脑涨、多梦、失眠、心慌、乏力等 强噪声:听力______

危害 及 其 防 噪声控制途径 治 极强噪声:影响胎儿发育、出现胎儿畸形、妨碍儿童智力发 展 声源控制 控制 接受者的防护

【疑难突破】
一.列表法解析水体污染类型成因、危害及防治 类型 水体富营养化 生物所需的氮、磷等营养 铅、 铬)等进入水体经 含义 元素大量进入水体引起的 动植物生物链逐渐 水质恶化现象 积累造成人畜伤害 工业生产中含重金 生产和生活污水中所含的 污染源 氮、磷等营养物质 体垃圾中重金属的 淋溶污水 陆地水体:称为“水花(水 各种重金属引起的 表现 华 ) ”又称“藻花” 。海洋 人畜病症 水体:称为“赤潮” ①油污染直接导致海洋生物 的毛、皮丧失保温性能,或因 堵塞呼吸和感觉器官而死亡; ①水体中植物死亡; 危害 ②鱼类死亡; ③湖泊演变为沼泽 重金属元素通过食 ②油膜和油块粘住大量鱼卵 物链放大,最终危害 和幼鱼,阻碍海藻光合作用; 人畜身体健康 ③沉降至海底的石油影响海 洋底栖动物;④石油氧化分解 会消耗溶解氧,间接危害生物 海洋上漂浮大量油膜和油块 过程中的石油泄漏 属的污水排放和固 近海石油的开采、加工和运输 中造成范围极广的污染现象 过程中,大量石油流失到海洋 重金属污染 各类重金属(汞、镉、 近海石油的开采、加工和运输 海洋石油污染

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unit y of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng t he development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in-de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i dea s , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd devel op enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

防治 措施

预防:①农业生产中合理施用化肥、农药,发展生态农业,加强氮磷污染防治; ②工业生产中最有效的方法是推行清洁生产治理:建设城市污水处理厂

二.两种常见大气污染类型——规律总结 (1)可吸入颗粒物 可吸入颗粒物是空气质量播报中的一个重要参数,是指空气中悬浮的粒径在 10 微米以 下的固体颗粒。其主要来源及影响见下表: 污染物 的来源 对人类 吸入过多或颗粒物中含有毒有害成分时,就可能出现免疫功能障碍, 的影响 (2)酸雨 酸雨是一种全球性的大气污染现象。关于酸雨的有关问题,见下表: 含义 形成 并随雨雪降落到地面 主要污染 物硫氧化物和氮氧化物 自然污染源 火山喷发、地震等自然活动放出的酸性气体 生活污染 源 污染物来 源 人为污染源 源 移动污染源 程中排放硫氧化物和氮氧化物 交通工具行驶过程中排放的尾气含有氮氧化物和硫 氧化物 硫酸型酸雨 酸雨类型 硝酸型酸雨 由氮氧化物缓慢氧化形成硝酸随降水落到地面形成的 ①使河湖水酸化,危害水生生物 对环境的影响 ②使土壤酸化,危害土壤生态,农作物减产 ③腐蚀树叶,毁坏森林 由硫氧化物缓慢氧化形成硫酸随降水落到地面形成的 固定污染源 工业污染 工业、企业生产过程中和燃料燃烧过 人们为满足生活需要,燃烧化石燃料 排出氮氧化物和硫氧化物 人们一般把 pH 值小于 5.6 的降水称为酸雨 形成酸雨的大气污染物在一定条件下发生变化,生成 H2SO4、HNO3 和 HCl, 不利影响 危害健康,如传染病、 “尘肺病” 、恶性病变等 自然渠道 人为渠道 有利影响 降水量较少,植被覆盖率低,土地荒漠化加剧 建筑工地多、汽车尾气排放量大且缺乏标准或不达标 少量吸入可刺激并锻炼人的免疫机能

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s part y of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and ed ucati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, sum mon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist cou ntries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded t o not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nt s, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge a head, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the ref orm and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cam ent, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems a nd to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, p ut superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

④腐蚀石材、钢材,造成建筑物、铁轨、桥梁和文物古迹损坏 欧洲;北美东部和加拿大南部;亚洲的印度、日本、中国、东南 酸雨的主要分布地区 亚地区 三.固体废弃物的污染途径——深化探究 (1)对大气环境的影响:垃圾中的细微颗粒,随风飘浮,污染大气。堆放垃圾,分解释放有 害恶性气体;填埋垃圾,逸出沼气;焚烧垃圾,产生二次污染。 (2)对水环境的影响:直接倾倒,污染水体、危害生物、缩减水域面积,降低排洪能力;露 天堆放和简单填埋,渗滤液污染地表水及地下水;垃圾倾倒海洋,造成海洋污染。 (3)对土壤环境的影响:垃圾中的毒液体渗入土壤,杀害微生物,破坏土壤的腐解能力和土壤结 构;有害废弃物成分残留在土壤中,并在动植物体内积蓄,通过食物链进入人体,给人类健 康带来极大危害。 四.噪声的控制途径分为声源控制、传播途径控制、接受者的防护三部分。措施列表如下: 控制途径 声源控制 相关措施 从设计、技术、行政管理等方面加以控制 喇叭 在噪声源和接受者之间设置声音传播的屏 传播途径控 障;进行合理的城市规划、建筑设计和城市 制 绿化等 接受者的防 佩戴护耳器,减少在噪声环境中的暴露时间 护 五.我国重酸雨地区主要分布在南方的原因——拓展延伸 我国酸雨主要分布在东部地区,其中 pH 值小于 4.5 的重酸雨区主要分布于长江流域以 南,主要原因是:(1)南方土壤呈酸性,大气中的灰尘颗粒均呈酸性,对大气和雨水中的酸缺 少足够的中和,而北方与此相反。 (2)南方降水多,空气湿润,有利于酸雨的形成。 (3)南方多丘陵地形,且风速小于北方,酸性气体不易扩散,而北方地形平坦开阔,风力较强, 易于气体的扩散。 育馆内装吸声吊顶 城市高架桥上装隔声屏障、 体 具体实例 部分城市规定在城区禁止鸣

【典型例题精讲】
例 1.某中学研究性学习小组考察了该校附近的地理环境,并绘制了学校周边的简易地理图

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unit y of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng t he development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in-de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i dea s , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd devel op enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

(如下图)。该小组在考察时发现,学校附近的工厂尚未对污染进行治理。请你结合示意图帮 他们完善研究成果。 (1)根据调查发现:学校可能受到来自三个方面的环境污染,分别是 ①_____________________________; ②_____________________________; ③_____________________________。 (2)根据研究成果,小组成员向学校建议:改善学校环境,在学校周边 进行绿化,减少污染,建议建造两条绿化带。请用阴影在图中画出来,分别标明 D 带和 E 带,并在下面写出这两个绿化带的作用: D 带:_____________________________。 E 带:_____________________________。 【解析】第(1)题,读图获取信息,水泥厂、化工厂以及铁路等所产生的污染对学校产生影 响。第(2)题,绿化带能改善环境,对大气污染和噪音污染起到净化作用,因此图中的绿化 带应该建在水泥厂、化工厂与学校和铁路与学校之间。 【答案】(1)水泥厂的大气污染 化工厂的水污染 铁路的噪声污染 (2)图略(D 在水泥厂、化工厂与学校之间,E 在铁路与学校之间)。 净化空气、吸烟除尘、 美化环境 减轻噪声、美化环境 例 2.阅读下列材料,回答相关问题。 材料一 从 2008 年 6 月 1 日起,在我国范围内禁止生产、销售、使用厚度小于 0.025 毫米的塑料购物袋(超薄塑料购物袋)。 材料二 聚苯乙烯快餐盒、 一次性塑料包装袋和聚氯乙烯农用地膜被视为危害环境的三 大“白色公害” 。为解决一次性快餐盒所带来的“白色污染”问题,国家打算近几年全部淘 汰泡沫塑料饭盒, 取而代之的是用纸浆、 植物纤维等易循环利用原料制成的一次性 “纸饭盒” 。 为解决农用地膜所带来的“白色污染”问题,我国武汉大学张俐娜教授提出了“以蔗渣浆、 麦秆、芦苇浆为原料来生产‘再生纤维素共混膜’ ”的研究课题,已获成功。使用“共混膜” 不但能使农作物增产 20%,而且其使用寿命一旦终结,其成分的 30%可被微生物吃掉,剩 余部分也会在 40 多天内自动降解,对土壤无副作用。 (1)环保专家预言:废弃的地膜最终将成为祸害。你认为会造成什么祸害?

(2)有人建议焚烧处理这些一次性快餐盒和农用地膜等普通塑料废弃物,你认为是否可行?
Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s part y of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and ed ucati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国 This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, sum mon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist cou ntries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded t o not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nt s, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge a head, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the ref orm and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cam ent, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems a nd to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, p ut superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

为什么?对已散落于土壤中的地膜碎片,根据现在的国情,你认为该怎样处理为好?

(3)武汉大学的研究课题有什么积极的环保意义?

【解析】本题以“白色污染”为切入点。考查塑料垃圾的危害及其合理的处理方式。普通地 膜不溶于水、降解速度慢,留在农田会影响土壤肥力,使农作物减产。焚烧处理塑料制品, 会产生污染气体,故应筛选出地膜碎片,可进行回收再利用。利用农作物秸秆、蔗渣浆、芦 苇浆为原料生产“再生纤维素共混膜” ,其环保意义主要体现在两个方面:一是充分利用废 弃物,二是有效防止“白色污染” 。 【答案】(1)普通地膜等塑料废弃物不溶于水,在自然界中约需 200 年才能被生物降解,长 期留在农田里会影响土壤透气性,阻碍水分的流动和农作物的根系发育,使农作物减产。(2) 不行。焚烧时不但产生大量烟尘,而且还会产生有害气体,污染大气。筛选出土壤的地膜碎 片,然后再播种。(3)充分利用了麦秆、蔗渣等农作物废弃物,改善了农村卫生条件;该薄 膜可被微生物降解,防止白色污染。

【课堂训练】
1.截至 2007 年 11 月 19 日,全国 500 多个陆源入海排污口,约 77.1%超标排放,比去年同期 增加 18.2%。国家海洋局发布的 2007 年上半年海洋环境质量通报显示,陆源入海排污口超 标排放现象有增无减,排污口邻近海域海水质量持续恶化。结合上面材料,读“污染物迁移 模图”(图 2),完成下列各题。 (10 分)

(1)根据图 2 中污染物的迁移路线,填写图 1 中字母代表的内容。 a._ b. __________c. __________d. __________e.__________。

(2)图 2 中造成的大气污染可能有__________,__________。 (3)21 世纪,城市垃圾的最佳处理方式是__________,目前最普遍的处理方式是__________, 其后果是__________。

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unit y of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng t he development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in-de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i dea s , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd devel op enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

2.读下图,回答(1)~(3)题。 (12 分) (1)图中交通工具产生的主要危害有 ( )

①光化学烟雾污染 ②噪声污染 ③水体污 ④粉尘污染 A.①② C.③④ B.②③ D.①③ ( )

(2)在旧金山,甲危害最严重的季节是 A.秋季 C.冬季 B.夏季 D.春季

(3)下列减轻图中危害的措施或意见中,正确的是 ①城区禁止鸣喇叭 城市绿化 A.①②③ B.②③④ C.①②

(

) ③合理规划城市道路 ④搞好

②实施减少汽车尾气的技术措施

D.①②③④

3.至 2006 年,已经发现世界海洋中共有 200 个“死亡地带” ,即海洋中由于污染而威胁鱼 类和其他海洋生物生存的区域。联合国于 2006 年 10 月 19 日发表的一份报告说,目前“死 亡地带”的数量比 2004 年增加了 34%。联合国一位官员说: “这些地带正在对渔业资源以及 靠捕鱼为生的渔民构成重大威胁。 ” 完成下列要求。 (10 分) (1)国际公海“死亡地带”的主要污染源有哪些?

(2)简述国际公海“死亡地带”的分布规律及防治措施。

4.读“我国北方某地区平均月混浊天气日数”等一组示意图,回答下列问题。 (15 分)

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s part y of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and ed ucati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, sum mon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist cou ntries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded t o not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nt s, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge a head, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the ref orm and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cam ent, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems a nd to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, p ut superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

(1)图 a 中混浊天气日数最多的月份是______月,最少的月份是______月。 (2)简析产生上述特征的原因。

(3)若图 b 中 A、B、C 分别为图 a 中甲、乙、丙三个监测站的分布位置,图 c 为该地区风频示意图,则合理的匹配是 (填字母 ): ______为甲监测站, ______为乙监测站,______为丙监测站。 5. “绿色产品”是指产品的生产和消费对环境都不造成污染。读“产品在社 会中的一般流程图” ,回答下列问题。 (12 分) (1)图中Ⅰ表示商品,F 表示原材料,H 表示产品,G 表示废品,J 表示自然资源,请将代码 ①~⑤填到 A~E 处。 ①使用 ②原材料采集和处理 ③运输销售 ④废弃 (2)以下环节,最容易对环境造成污染的是 A.使用 C.运输 B.加工制作 D.销售 ( ) ⑤产品的加工制作 ( )

(3)以下做法与绿色消费相悖的是 A.使用无汞电池 C.废品回收利用 B.产品多层包装 D.完善质检体系

(4)请列举我们身边生活垃圾回收的事例。

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unit y of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded to not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nts, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge ahead, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the reform and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng t he development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in-de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i dea s , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cament, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems and to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd devel op enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, put superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

答案
【基础知识梳理】 一. 自净能力 发生源或场所 管 二.工业 交通 光化学烟雾 消费结构 消烟除尘 三.环境卫生和景观 压缩 四.工业噪声 生活噪声 受损 传播途径 【课堂训练】 1. 【答案】(1)大气降水 农作物 牧草 家畜 水产品(5 分)(2)可吸入颗粒物 酸雨(2 分)(3)用垃圾作为能源发电及综合处理 填埋法 污染土壤和地下水源(3 分) 【解析】本题主要考查污染物迁移知识,固体污染物可以通过大气、水、农作物、牧草、家 畜、水产品等途径,经食物链进入人体,影响人体健康。为了避免污染,可以化害为利,变 废为宝。 2. 【答案】(1)A (2)B (3)D(每题 4 分,12 分) 【解析】图中的污染主要有尾气污染(甲)和噪声污染(乙)。旧金山为地中海气候,夏季降水 少,太阳高度大,光照强,汽车尾气容易发生光化学反应形成光化学烟雾。 3. 【答案】(1)油轮石油泄漏;远洋运输、捕捞等排出的生活污水;某些公司倾倒的工业废 弃物。 (至少 2 点,4 分)(2)分布规律:主要分布在远洋航线沿线和渔业资源丰富海域(渔场) (2 分) 。防治措施:进行国际合作,制定国际公海海域相关法规,加强国际公海海域的环 境管理;防止油轮泄漏,控制向国际公海海域排放各类废弃物。 (4 分) 【解析】 本题难度较小, 只要从题目所给的材料中分析出本题考查的问题是关于海洋污染的 污染源、污染分布海区及其防治措施,再结合所学知识进行分析即可得出正确答案。要注意 第(1)题是进一步回答第(2)题的基础。从海洋污染的主要污染源可以分析出污染海区的分布 规律,以及相应的防治措施。 4. 【答案】(1)12 7(4 分)(2)7 月为我国夏季,雨水多,带走了悬浮颗粒;夏季植物茂密, 吸烟滞尘作用强。 (4 分)冬季居民取暖燃煤增加了大气悬浮颗粒数量;冬季风频频南下带 来沙尘;冬季冷锋天气可能造成逆温,混浊物不易扩散;冬季植物吸烟滞尘作用弱。 (4 分) (3)B C A(3 分) 。 【解析】该题主要考查读图获取信息解决问题的能力。第(1)题,读图 a 可知,无论哪个监 物理性 急性或慢性 物种 生态系统 最小量 排放标准

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s part y of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and ed ucati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, sum mon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist cou ntries must have "unity of will". History ha s

confere nces , learne d s uperi ors policies; re ports, y ou can le arn to deal wit h problems, art, j ust wa nted to lear n, to le arn at any time. To continuously expa nd the scope of the study. The com plexity and com prehe nsive ness of our w ork, deci ded t o not only do we w ant to be "professi onal s", or if "generalists", to dabble in different areas of knowle dge. Mastery of knowledge not only to have knowledge t o rational analysi s. T his on requirements we, not only to lear ning nati ona l of route, and approach, a nd poli cy, al so to l earni ng national of legal, a nd reg ulations; not only to with politica l the ory armed mind, al so to with e conomic t heory g uide w ork; not only to rea d hist ory, al so to rea d hi story; not only to a bsor ption SM of mirror, also t o gets is of roa d; not only to from local lear n, als o to to outsi de lear n; not only to to books learn, als o to field st udy lear n. Therefore, I woul d encourage y ou, a nd m ore to the outsi de w orld w he n I have time to take a l ook at, take a str oll, outsi de devel opme nt s, learn other pe ople' s devel opme nt approa ch, a nd then come ba ck to g uide our w ork. Second, we must think . "Learni ng without t ho ught to over sha dow, thi nking wit hout learni ng is perilous." We w ant to foster the character of adva nci ng with t he times, forge a head, often reflect thems elves in a da pting to the new situation on whether there are delay s, have a nything t o fear in the ref orm and innovati on, w hether in terms of accelerati ng the development of a relaxation, keep promisi ng State of mind. In order to do inve stigations, investigati ons i s the roa d to heaven, God dis poses of the bas e . To wa nts to real heard trut h, and justice to tr uth, a nd get trut h, received effectivene ss, on must in -de pth a ctual, a nd outrea ch, a nd i n-dept h masse s, wors hip mas ses for Divi sion, and masse s heart, w ith masse s with dis cus sion everyone care of problem, liste ning they of calls, understand they of mood, feel t hey of suffering, summary they of experience, conce ntrated they of wis dom, e spe cially on mass es most hope, and most urgent, a nd most worries , and most complai ned of hot, a nd difficultie s and focus pr oblem, mor e to active re search, ca ught not put. Dare t o innovate, i n our work, often remain "the old way doe sn't w ork, the new a pproach would not" situati on, t he reas on, t he key is that many pe ople k now t hat copying other people's i deas , mechani cally, usi ng some one else' s ol d ways. To change t his predi cam ent, re quires us to break the sha ckles of traditional concepts t o overcome conservative, conformist, g ood at findi ng new problems a nd to a ccept ne w thi ngs, s ummarize ne w experi ence, new i deas, devel opi ng new programmes a nd Maveri ck, a new a pproa ch t o s olve problems, spee d up development. Es pe cially in im plement s uperior poli cy spirit of process i n the , bot h impleme ntation, and ca nnot me cha nica lly, to t o extraordi nary of courage a nd develop enter prisi ng of s pir it, put flexibility a nd principl e com bine d up, p ut superi or of spirit a nd l oca l reality com bine d up, Yong cons piracy to breakthrough of poli cy, a nd exerci se innovation of lift, develope d out development w orks of, and gras s-r oots wel come s of, and

测站的监测结果都是 7 月最少,12 月最多。第(2)题,产生以上现象的原因与冬夏季节天气 及植被覆盖、燃煤量有关。第(3)题,甲监测站测量数据位居三者中最大,为靠近工业区且 居市区的 B 站,丙应为远离工业区且靠近林区的 A 站,另一站则是 C 站。 5. 【答案】(1)A—② B—④ C—⑤ D—① E—③(5 分)(2)B(2 分)(3)B(2 分)(4) 废纸、废塑料制复合板;有机废料炼油;废包装纸盒造纸;废旧服装纺纱织布等。 (至少 3 点,3 分) 【解析】 可持续发展呼吁人们改变传统的生产方式和消费模式, 要求人们在生产时尽量地少 投入、多产出,在消费时尽可能地多利用、少污染。生产时加工制作过程最易对产品造成污 染。产品多层包装会导致新的浪费。

Accor ding to Office Party of mass line education pra ctice activities l ed group of unifie d arrangeme nts, units main l ed to for cadre s workers S hang a times party le cture, due to hims elf level limited, only put thi s stage concentrate d learni ng of experi ence today and everyone common with lear ning exchange, pur pose is let we further dee p understa ndi ng mass li ne of connotati on, i nsi sted party of mass line, do masse s work, fol lowi ng main from four a aspects t old: a, and full aware nes s party of mas s line e ducation pra ctice a ctivities of major meani ng Party's 1 8 major distinct pr oposed t o focus on the party's adva nce d nat ure a nd purity, in the party, with "pragmatic and clea n for the pe ople" as t he main content of the party's mas s line and educati onal practi ce. 确 明 有 都 样 力 能 合 综 读 阅 、 写 与 字 识 同 来 出 了 提 养 素 要 重 种 为 作 革 改 程 课 轮 新 。 位 地 的 视 忽 被 在 处 直 一 际 交 口 , 中 学 教 文 语 国

This is comrade XI Jinping a s party G eneral Se cretary and a dhere t o strictly a dministeri ng the party, stre ngthe n the party's major de cisi on i s in li ne wit h the public ex pectati ons and strengtheni ng the construction of learni ng-oriente d

service i nnovation of Marxist party's maj or de ployment, i s the important meas ure to a dvance the great ca use of socialism wit h Chi nes e characteristi cs. First, carry out the party' s mass line in e ducation practi ce, was carrying 1 8 of the party spirit, summon a powerful force for reali zing the great rej uvenation of the Chi nese nation the Chi nese dream of urgent needs. Party's 1 8 to pr omote strategic depl oyment to buil ding s ocia lism with Chi nese chara cteristics, pres ents tw o 100 -year goal, namely, by 2020 Chi na's gross domestic product and per capita income of urba n and rural resi dent s in 20 10 on t he ba sis of double complete t he buildi ng of a well -off society; the middle of this cent ury into a prosper ous, democratic, civilize d and harmonious S ociali st moder n countr y, and on this basi s, the Chi nese dream of realizing t he great rejuve nation of the Chi nese nation. 18 Congre ss of the part y, Comrade XI Ji npi ng repeate dly expounde d the Chine se dream. The basi c connotation of the Chine se dream, i s the national prosperit y, nati onal revitalizati on, t he ha ppi nes s of the pe opl e, China important to foll ow is to kee p China Roa d, carry forwar d the s pirit and cohesi on stre ngth of China , dream dreams of the pe opl e of Chi na, but determi ned confidence, e nha nce s elf -aware ness, a chi eve self-relia nce, to bui ld a stronger Chi na, civi lization, harm ony, bea uty, China , Chi na, China. Strategic conce ption of China wa s 18 the spirit of the e nrichment a nd development of the party, conscie ntiously st udy the Chi nese dream, leadi ng pe ople t o hard t o realize the Chi nese dream, mass e ducation a ctivities i n depth t he fundamental starti ng point and ending poi nt. Strengthe n the e ducation of the party's mas s line , hel ps to train t he collective consci ousne ss of the unity of the party and the people, playi ng the Chine se dream i deol ogical base s. Comrade Ma o Zedong stress ed that parties s hould have "com mon lang uage" socialist countries must have "unit y of will". History ha s



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